HOW TO RAISE NURSERY FOR CUCURBITS

RAISING NURSERY FOR EARLY CROP


MATERIAL REQUIRED 

  1. Polythene bags - 15 * 10 cm size and 90 to 100 gauge thickness or seedling tray of same size.   
  2. Potting medium (  cocopeat : vermiculite : perlite )  mixed in ratio of 3:1:1 .
  3. Nutrient mixture (foilar) NPK 19:19:19 .
  4. A heat mat 
  5. A grow light 
METHOD

Usually nurseries are raised to obtain early crops (20 to 25 days before actual harvest) and skip the attack of pest such red pumpkin beetles . You can raise your own cucurbits( watermelon,muskmelon ,pumpkin , bottle gourd , bitter gourd , ash gourd and etc ) nursery . Usually cucurbits are sown directly in the ground after the danger of of frost is ended , but to obtain a early crops seedlings are raised indoors or in protected environment one month before the actual time of sowing. 
Potting medium is poured inside the poly bags or the seedling trays , the seeds are sown at a depth of  2 to 3 cm .
The poly bags or the seedling trays are kept in warm environment ( i use heat mats when ever starting the seeds earlier before season ) . after germination the seedlings are moved under grow light where they can grow or simply kept in a area with overhead protection from frost. The seedling will germinate within 2 days to 1 week if optimum temperature conditions are provided . Seed germination is best if the temperature is between 20°C to 25 °C . After germination a foilar spray of NPK 19:19:19 can be sprayed @ 1-2 grams / litre  , at every 2 to 4  days interval to make the seedlings healthy ,
after initiation of 2-3 leaves the seedlings can be transplanted directly to the field .




PRECAUTIONS 
  1. Keep the potting medium moist do not over water it .
  2. Seed treatment can be option is you have wilting problem in your area .
  3. Do not spray fertilisers above recommended quantity to avoid seedling damage
  4. Keep the seedlings in a protected environment to avoid pest infestation and damage due to frost .

HOW TO RAISE NURSERY FOR CUCURBITS HOW TO RAISE NURSERY FOR CUCURBITS Reviewed by Ayush uniyal on 3:28 AM Rating: 5

No comments:

Powered by Blogger.